What is an inguinal hernia?
An inguinal hernia occurs when tissue, such as part of the intestine, protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles. The resulting bulge can be painful, especially when you cough, bend over or lift a heavy object. It doesn't improve on its own, however, and can lead to life-threatening complications.
What are kinds of hernia?
*Inguinal hernia:most common among men.
*Umbilical Hernia: most common among children women due to repeated pregnancy.
*Surgical Hernia:due to previous surgeries in the abdominal wall.
What is Hernia's symptoms?
*Appearance of protruding area in the place of a hernia.
*Pain due to a protrusion of intestine from the abdominal cavity.
What are Hernia's complications?
*Pressure on surrounding tissues: Most inguinal hernias enlarge over time if not repaired surgically.
*Incarcerated hernia: If the contents of a hernia become trapped in the weak point in the abdominal wall, it can obstruct the bowel, leading to severe pain, nausea, vomiting, and the inability to have a bowel movement or pass gas.
*Strangulation: An incarcerated hernia can cut off blood flow to part of your intestine. Strangulation can lead to the death of the affected bowel tissue. A strangulated hernia is life-threatening and requires immediate surgery.
How is it treated?
*Umbilical Hernia in children is not treated except after 3 years or if its size is too big or causing problems.
*Rest of hernia kinds is treated surgically by repairing the weak area and returning the protruding content back.
*Most probably, the weak area is closed by a surgical mesh. And repair is done by open surgery or endoscopy.
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