What are kinds of thyroidectomy?

*Partial thyroidectomy: If only part of your thyroid is removed, the remaining portion typically takes over the function of the entire thyroid gland, and you might not need thyroid hormone therapy.
*Complete thyroidectomy: If your entire thyroid is removed, your body can't make thyroid hormone and without replacement, you'll develop signs and symptoms of underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism). 
As a result, you'll need to take a pill every day that contains the synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine.
*Lobe thyroidectomy: If only one lobe of the thyroid gland is removed either the right or left one.

Why it's done?

A thyroidectomy may be recommended for conditions such as:
*Thyroid cancer: Cancer is the most common reason for thyroidectomy. If you have thyroid cancer, removing most, if not all, of your thyroid will likely be a treatment option.
*Noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid (goitre): Removing all or part of your thyroid gland is an option if you have a large goitre that is uncomfortable or causes difficulty breathing or swallowing or, in some cases, if the goitre is causing hyperthyroidism.
*Overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism): Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine.

After thyroidectomy, you will live normally as the one who still has the thyroid gland, as the hormone replacement is identical to the hormone normally made by your thyroid gland and performs all of the same functions. Your doctor will determine the amount of thyroid hormone replacement you need based on blood tests.

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